The Monopolisation of Jet Engine Manufacturers

The jet engine industry is dominated by three leading corporations
The jet engine industry is dominated by four leading corporations

How many of us ingest the output of a corporation without taking the time to research the origins of the product we consume? Today, the domination of a particular sector or resource has become a normalised occurrence throughout the world.

Take the media. Compartmentalized into six leading companies that provide up to 90% of everything that we see, hear and read. They being Comcast, News Corp, Disney, Viacom, Time Warner and CBS.

Take the music industry. Whittled down to three mammoth corporations that own the majority of the music listened to and purchased. Sony Music Entertainment (Sony Corporation), Universal Music Group (Vivendi) and Warner Music Group (Access Industries).

Then there is the oil industry. Subsumed into what are known as ‘The Four Horsemen‘ – Exxon Mobil, Chevron, Shell and BP.

Whichever sector it is, you will find that competition is being steadily eroded in favour of the suppression of choice and the centralisation of profit share.

The jet engine industry is no different. Millions of people everyday use air travel. But as with the film you watch, or the band you listen to, or the petrol you fill your car with, the majority remain unaware of who is powering their flight.

To give you some indication, here is a rundown of the leading jet engine manufacturers polarising the market today:

GE Aviation

  • General Electric Aviation are a subsidiary of the American born General Electric. GE is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and had revenue of $117.38 billion in 2015
  • Founded in 1917
  • Over 30,000 engines currently in service
  • Spend $1 billion per year on commercial jet engine research and development
  • Manufacture some of the most popular engines used today, including:
    • GE90 Engine
      • Designed for the Boeing 777 aircraft
      • World’s most powerful turbofan engine
      • Snecma (French), Avio Aero (Italian), IHI Corporation (Japanese) are all revenue sharing participants in the GE90 program
    • CF34 Engine
      • Over 100 million flight hours
      • By 2020, more than 7,500 engines will be powering regional aircraft
    • GEnx Engine
      • Used on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Boeing 747-8
      • Over 1,300 engines on order
      • Best selling engine for the Dreamliner
      • 15% improved fuel consumption and 15% less CO2 emissions compared to the CF6 Engine

CFM International

  • CFM International is a joint venture between GE Aviation and the French engine manufacturer Snecma
  • Partnership was formed to build the CFM56 turbofan engine
    • CFM56 Engine
      • The world’s best seller
      • 800+ million flight hours
      • Over 3 million passengers a day
      • 30,000 engines delivered to date
      • 500 + operators worldwide
    • CFM56 – 7B
      • Over 8,000 engines in service on Boeing 737 aircraft
      • Used on the Boeing AEW&C which is used by the Australian, Turkish and Republic of Korea Air Forces
      • Also used on the Boeing P-8 Poseidon military aircraft

Some other interesting facts about CFM International are:

  • Over 2,400 CFM56 powered jets are in the air at any given moment
  • Aircraft using the CFM56 engine take off every 2.5 seconds somewhere in the world
  • Production in 2016 is planned at 1,700 engines – the highest rate in the industry
  • 12,072 aircraft carry the CFM56

From 2017, a new engine called LEAP will become part of CFM International’s vast inventory. It will become the exclusive power plant for the Boeing 737 Max family, and also boast 15% improved fuel consumption. Much like the GEnx engine from GE Aviation.

Rolls Royce

  • Rolls Royce was founded in 1906 and enjoys a customer base spanning over 120 countries
  • Customers span more than 400 airlines, 160 armed forces, 4,000 marine customers and over 5,000 power and nuclear clientele
  • Employs over 50,000 people in upwards of 40 countries
  • As of the end of 2015, possessed an order book worth $110.78 billion
    • RB211-535E4 Engine
      • Described as’the record breaker
      • An aircraft using this power plant takes off or lands at an airport somewhere in the world every 41 seconds
      • 58% of Boeing 757 planes have selected the engine, which is in service with more than 60 operators
      • ‘World’s most reliable large turbofan

Also in Rolls Royce’s commercial airline repertoire are:

  • RB211-524G/H & -T Enginean Engine
    • Boasts over 48 million flying hours
    • 7 million flight cycles by November 2015
  • Trent 900 Engine
    • ‘Engine of choice‘ for the Airbus A380
    • Fleet comprising over 300 engines with 75 aircraft in service
  • Trent 500 Engine
    • Began life in August 2002 with Virgin Atlantic
    • Now has 589 engines that power 129 aircraft
  • Trent 800 Engine
    • An engine that with the Boeing 777 takes off or lands every 100 seconds
  • Trent 700 Engine
    • 68 operators rely on this engine as well as 150 million passengers every year

Pratt & Whitney

  • A subsidiary of United Technologies (listed on the NYSE Stock exchange) who had revenue of $56 billion in 2015
  • Founded in 1925
  • Revenue of $14 billion in 2015
  • Over 11,000 customers in 180 countries
  • 31,500 employees
  • Commercial engines power nearly 30% of world’s mainline passenger aircraft fleet
  • 29 armed forces use its military engines
  • Over 13,000 commercial engines installed
  • Over 1 billion hours of flight
    • V2500 Engine
      • Designed / Manufactured by International Aero Engines, a global partnership between Pratt & Whitney, Japanese Aero Engine Corporation and the German MTU Aero Engines
    • GP7200 Engine
      • Produced by the Engine Alliance, a 50 / 50 venture between GE Aviation and Pratt & Whitney
    • PW 4000 Engine
      • First produced in 1987
      • Powers the Boeing 747, 767 and 777
      • Power plant for the Airbus A300, A310 and A330
      • Over 2,500 engines in use
      • More than 120 million flight hours
    • JT8D Engine
      • 673 million flying hours
      • Over 14,750 engines have flown
      • 2,400 in use today

Snecma

  • Snecma are a subsidiary of Safran, ‘a French multinational aircraft engine, rocket engine, aerospace-component, defense, and security company’
  • Safran revenue for 2015 was €17.4 billion
  • Snecma was founded in 1945
  • Net income of €5.3 billion in 2013
  • Offer a range of engine support services to airlines and armed forces
  • Has a 23.7% stake in the GE Aviation developed GE90 Engine
  • Snecma and GE created an equally owned subsidiary, CFAN, to provide composite fan blades for the GE90 Engine

A brief look through that list already shows you how the leading corporates of engine production have a record of collaborating together on certain projects. CFM International is in itself a gigantic coming together between two companies. Outside of CFM, there is just GE Aviation, Rolls Royce and Pratt & Whitney who stand alone as separate corporations.

Another collaboration is International Aero Engines:

  • Founded in 1983 with the express goal of developing an engine for the 150 seat single aisle aircraft market
  • A 4 way collaboration produced the V2500 Engine
    • Pratt & Whitney – 25%
    • Pratt & Whitney Aero Engines International (Switzerland) – 24.5%
    • MTU Aero Engines (Germany) – 25.25%
    • Japanese Aero Engine Corporation – 25.25%
  •  V2500 Engine
    • Second most successful commercial jet engine in production today
    • Third most successful engine program in aviation history
    •  Powers the Airbus A320 family (A320, A321, A319 and the Airbus Corporate Jet)

What International Aero Engines further exemplifies is how stand alone corporations have come together as one for the sake of generating billions of pounds in profits. They pool their resources together to further dominate the market, whilst at the same time operate as ‘rivals’ to one another for the supply of their engines to aircraft manufacturers.

But is profit the only motive here?

In light of the information above, consider this. If, like myself, your research has led you to understand that the high-bypass turbofan engine used by ALL the corporations listed are not responsible for contrail formation, then we truly are witnessing a staggering level of corruption and criminality.

All the engines these companies have produced just this century – both for commercial and military use – amount to billions of hours in flight time. In the time it takes to contemplate that fact, a jet takes off somewhere in the world, carrying the turbofan engine.

When we look up and see the formation of an aerosol particulate trail, it puts it into fresh context the gargantuan scale of the aviation industry in 2016. Geoengineering programs are active all across the world, through both commercial and military aircraft. So when you consider the power that only four leading corporations have in the engine market, it demonstrates the scale of monopolisation that every activist is up against.

For Geoengineering and the systematic manipulation of our climate to succeed, power must be concentrated in fewer and fewer hands. The more you can compartmentalize it, the greater the depth of control.

Forming the illusion of competition is key, much like forming the illusion of conflict between the West and the East. This is the inversion that underpins the whole conspiracy. Convince people of a competitive market place where only the strong survive, when in fact what’s happening is a program to restrict choice down to ever more powerful conglomerates with the overall ambition to further centralise power.

When we analyse the face of a corporation or the sector in which it operates, what we too often fail to do is look to see what lies beneath it. To do that, we must follow the money trail. We must understand who is funding these manufacturers and, in turn, who is controlling those who supply the funding.

This is the only way of exposing the criminality taking place in our skies.

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